In parts of the worlds such as in the United States, the number of people diagnosed with skin cancer is much higher than other cancer diagnoses. However, not many people are informed about skin cancer, regardless of the fact that it common in many light skinned people. The following are the common facts to know about skin cancer that can help you to take good care of your skin and live a healthy life.
Facts about skin cancer
Sun is the main cause of skin cancer
Exposure to too much sun rays is the main cause of skin cancer among the light-skinned people. Excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation coming from the sun damages skin cells leading to skin cancer. Therefore, skin cancer is largely preventable by avoiding long time exposure to sun rays.
Race matters when it comes to skin cancer
Skin cancer is common among the whites and albinos than blacks. People with a light fair skin, red, freckling and blond hair are at a higher risk of developing skin cancer than those with dark skin and dark hair. This is why skin cancer is common among the white Americans than the black Americans.
Gender and family history matters
Among many facts to know about skin cancer, it is important to note that men are at a high risk of developing skin cancer when compared to women. However, this fact does not discredit the fact that people from across all genders can develop skin cancer. Skin cancer is genetic, and people coming from a family with a history of skin cancer are at a higher risk of developing skin cancer during their lifetime. This means that an individual who has already had a melanoma is at a risk of getting another melanoma in future.
Exposure to chemicals and radiation
Exposure to large amounts of chemicals used to make pesticides and insecticides can cause skin cancer. For instance, exposure to large amounts of arsenic increases the risk of developing non-melanoma skin cancer. There is a high risk of developing non-melanoma skin cancer on the areas that have been treated with radiation in the past.
Skin cancer is common among the elderly people
More than fifty percent of skin cancers occur in people who are fifty years and above. This means that older people are at high risk of developing skin cancer than younger people.
The above facts to know about skin cancer provide basic information on how to prevent skin cancer, live a healthy life and know who is at a high risk of developing skin cancer. Remember that skin cancer can be treated if realized at early stages.